Allergy can range from minor irritation to life-threatening anaphylaxis which is a medical emergency. You can not cure allergies but different kinds of treatments are available that can relieve your symptoms. Desensitization and immunotherapies can be done if treatment has failed or drugs are causing side effects.
Different kinds of allergens are responsible for causing allergies
⦁ Foods can have that particular substance to which you are allergic.
⦁ Medicines or drugs that you take. Penicillin, a well-known antibiotic causes allergy in many people.
⦁ Animal dander
⦁ Bird droppings
⦁ Mold and Latex
Well, symptoms depend mainly on the type of substance you are allergic to and the system of your body involved. Most of the systems involved are the nose, airways, sinuses, skin, mouth, and digestive system.
(Can be seasonal or remains throughout the year)
⦁ Frequent sneezing
⦁ Itching of nose
⦁ Eye itching, watering, redness, and swelling (conjunctivitis)
⦁ Runny and blocked nose
⦁ Asthma and breathing difficulty
⦁ Swollen lips and skin
⦁ Tingling in mouth and on the tongue
⦁ Swollen lips and tongue
⦁ Hives and skin itching
⦁ Facial swelling
⦁ A large patch of swelling on the skin
⦁ Itching on the whole skin
⦁ Flakes on the skin after itching
⦁ Hives, areas of small blisters, and itching
⦁ Rashes and facial swelling
Allergy ranges from minor irritation, sneezing, redness, rashes, and hives to somewhat major problems like asthma, conjunctivitis, and dermatitis where you need to seek medical treatment from your doctor, and to a life-threatening condition known as anaphylaxis.
It is a life-threatening medical emergency and severe allergic reaction that occurs within seconds to minutes after exposure to antigens and can lead to shock known as anaphylactic shock. Signs and symptoms of anaphylaxis include
⦁ Loss of consciousness
⦁ A sudden drop in blood pressure
⦁ Severe shortness of breath
⦁ Weak pulse
⦁ A low heart rate
⦁ Nausea and vomiting
Anaphylaxis happens in case of food, drug, or insect bite and sting allergy. You need to rush to the hospital or call immediately for medical help. Anaphylaxis is treated by a shot of Epinephrine (Adrenaline) and oxygen and medications are given to relieve your symptoms.
If you feel any symptoms of allergy that you think are caused after exposure to a particular substance, or if you have a sudden allergy attack that is getting worse, you need to see the doctor for your allergy confirmation. Different kinds of diagnostic procedures are available for confirmation of allergy like skin tests (the best method of allergy confirmation) and measurement of your IgG levels in the blood (An antibody that rises in allergic reactions).
FOR SEVERE ALLERGIC REACTION, ANAPHYLAXIS, call for immediate medical help or emergency and rush to the hospital. If you have an autoinjector (EpiPen), give yourself a dose right away.
Various methods of diagnosis, evaluations, and management are available and you need to consult a doctor who specializes in immunology to get yourself help for your allergy.
The best thing you can do against your allergy is to prevent the substance that causes your allergy.