Cilantro is a fresh, citrusy annual herb that makes up a distinct flavor component with leaves and stems but when the plant flowers and turns into seeds are called coriander seeds. Both belong to the same plant in the family of Apiaceae. The taste & smell of both herbs are different. Cilantro has a fragrant, citrusy flavor whereas coriander seems to have a less polarizing taste and smell. Both the leaves and seeds are used as herbs in the cooking of Indian and Mexican dishes. Cilantro is used in dishes namely Salsa, Guacamole, Chutney, Acorda, soups, etc. whereas coriander dishes are curries, Rice dishes, soups and stews, pickled vegetables, Dhana dal, etc.
10 Grams serving of cilantro & Coriander having following
Nutrient Cilantro (% RDI) Coriander (%RDI)
Dietary Fiber 1.1 16.8
Vitamin A 13.5 0
Vitamin C 4.5 3.5
Vitamin K 38.8 0
Manganese 2.1 9.5
Iron 1 9.1
Magnesium 0.6 8.2
Calcium 0.7 7.1
Copper 1.1 4.9
Phosphorus 0.5 4.1
Selenium 0.1 3.7
Potassium 1.5 3.6
Zinc 0.3 3,1
It is pertinent to mention here that the major reason why cilantro has lower levels of minerals by weight is that fresh cilantro is 92.2 % of water whereas coriander seeds are only 8.9%.
Both cilantro and coriander are enriched with antioxidants which may help reduce inflammation in the body. Several studies found that these antioxidants present in the coriander seeds may reduce inflammation and stop the growth of cancer cells from the stomach, prostate, colon, breast, and lungs.
We know that heart disease is the main cause of death worldwide. Some studies showed that cilantro extract may reduce the formation of blood clotting resultantly these supplements may reduce the risk of heart disease. Moreover, coriander seed extract was found to reduce blood pressure, ultimately reducing the risk of heart disease. Hence both Cilantro & Coriander may promote heart health.
Both these may help reduce blood sugar levels by increasing the activity levels of enzymes. Scientifically, coriander seeds were found surprisingly less sugar in the bloodstream who consumed it. Research showed that cilantro leaves were shown to be nearly as effective as diabetes medication.
Cilantro allergy is rare but a fact. Further, symptoms of cilantro allergy are similar to those of other food allergies like hives, swollen, itchy lips or tongue, coughing, stomach pain, and diarrhea. If you experience severe symptoms, you should seek out medical care immediately.