FLAGYL (Generic Name: METRONIDAZOLE)
Other brand names: Acea, Anabact, Vaginyl, Metroza, Rozex, Zyomet
Flagyl is an anti-biotic and anti-protozoal which is used to treat a wide variety of bacterial and parasitic infections. When taken, it is converted into free radicals that interfere with DNA synthesis thus stopping the growth of bacteria. Metronidazole is not effective in viral infections.
- It is the drug of choice in pseudo-membranous colitis, a bacterial abdominal infection.
- For bacterial infection of the stomach
- For bacterial infection of the liver
- For bacterial infection of the skin and joint
- Brain abscess
- Amoebic liver abscess
- Parasitic vaginal infections
- Parasitic infections such as trichomoniasis and giardiasis
- Abdominal infections
- For eradication of H. pylori in gastritis or gastric ulcers
- For bacterial infection of the spinal cord
SAVE DOSAGE FOR CHILDREN AND ADULTS
Read all the instructions given on the package of the drug before taking this medication. Take the dosage of drug as prescribed by your doctor. It is usually given for 10 days and can be repeated if the infection persists. Flagyl is available in form of oral suspension, injection, and tablets of 400mg.
- Stomach upset such as nausea, diarrhea, and constipation
- Metallic taste
- Leukopenia and ataxia in case of toxicity
- Allergic reactions
PRECAUTIONS AND CONTRAINDICATIONS
- Do not take it if you are allergic to metronidazole, tinidazole, or secnidazole
- Do not take it if you have drunk alcohol in the past 3 days as it is notorious to cause Disulfiram reaction
- Do not take it if you have taken foods or drugs that contain propylene glycol in the past 3 days
- Do not give it to children without your doctor prescription
- Do not take it if you have any ongoing kidney or liver dysfunction
- Do not take it if you have a fungal infection
- Do not take it if you have any blood cells disorder like anemia or low white blood count
- Do not take it if you have any stomach or intestinal disorder such as Crohn disease
- Do not take it if you have any nerve disorder
- It may cause vaccines not to work well so tell health care workers before taking immunization vaccination
- Before any surgery, always tell your doctor about the medications that you are taking.
- Always consult your doctor about your medication before starting lactating and during pregnancy.
- Consult your doctor immediately if you face any serious side effects fever, stomach pain, signs of some new infection or sore throat, easy bruising or bleeding, any numbness or tingling, mood changes, and vision changes.
Consult your doctor if you are already taking any other medication, especially
- Alcohol or alcohol-containing drugs such as cough and cold syrups
- Glycol containing products
- Disulfiram containing drugs
- Antidepressants or lithium
- Asthma medication
- Blood thinning medications
PREGNANCY AND LACTATION
According to some studies, it is not recommended in first trimester of pregnancyand lactation, it crosses the placenta and also secreted in breast milk for 24 hours. So it is given only on the basis of benefits versus risk ratio. According to some authorities, it is not recommended unless considered essential by physician.
FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS (FAQs)
- What is the composition of Flagyl?
It contains METRONIDAZOLE. Other inactive ingredients include magnesium stearate, black iron oxide, cornstarch, and titanium dioxide.
- What are the brand names for Metronidazole?
Flagyl, Acea, Anabact, Vaginyl, Metroza, Rozex, Zyomet
- What are the uses of Flagyl (Metronidazole)?
It is the drug of choice in pseudo-membranous colitis, a bacterial abdominal infection. It is given for bacterial infection of the stomach, liver, skin, joint and spinal cord, brain abscess, amoebic liver abscess, parasitic vaginal infections, trichomoniasis, and giardiasis, for eradication of H. pylori in gastritis or gastric ulcer.
- What are the side effects of Flagyl (Metronidazole)?
Stomach upset such as nausea, diarrhea and constipation, headache, dizziness, metallic taste in the mouth, leukopenia and ataxia in case of toxicity, allergic reactions
- Can Flagyl (Metronidazole) cause allergic reactions?
Yes, do not take it if you are allergic to metronidazole, tinidazole, or secnidazole
- What are the precautions and contraindications I need to know before taking Flagyl (Metronidazole)?
Do not take it if you have drunk alcohol or if you have taken foods or drugs that contain propylene glycol in the past 3 days. Do not give it to children without your doctor prescription.
- Is Flagyl (Metronidazole) safe during pregnancy and lactation?
It is not recommended as it is not considered a safe drug according to studies. Take it only on your doctor prescription.
- Do I need to have a prescription to buy Flagyl (Metronidazole)?
Yes, you should have a written prescription from your doctor before buying Flagyl (Metronidazole)