Plum is a fruit that has seeds surrounded by rock-like pits and belongs to the same family as peaches & apricots. They may be small or large but in red, purple, green yellow, or orange skin or flesh. Dried plums are called prunes.
One plum contains the following,
Moreover, one plum also provides vitamin B, phosphorus, magnesium, and folate
As are evident from the nutritional values chart, plums enriched with fiber, and this content play a vital role to help treat constipation. Regular consumption of minor levels of plums can improve stool consistency better than psyllium husk.
Presence of several bioactive compounds, like sorbitol, vitamin K1, copper, and potassium work and help cut the risk of diabetes. The phenolic compounds in plums can increase insulin sensitivity. Moreover, the fiber in plums can also help slows down the rate at which your body absorbs carbohydrates.
The studies showed that plum extracts managed to kill even the most aggressive forms of breast cancer cells, without affecting the normal healthy cells. This process is only due to compounds present in the plums, namely chlorogenic and neo-chlorogenic acids. These acids are amazingly present in high levels in plums than in other fruits.
In a study, those who consumed plums had lower blood pressure levels, hence plums have the potential to reduce high blood pressure and cholesterol levels, which are the main cause of heart disease. This positive effect is likely to plum high content of fiber, potassium, and some antioxidants.
Plums having a bioactive compound namely rutin is considered for preventing and reversing no loss. The presence of a nutrient like vitamin K is another main reason that might be good for the bones and this nutrient also helps improve calcium balance in the body, thereby boosting bone health.
Many studies showed that polyphenols in plums can improve cognitive function and reduce cholesterol levels, which means a reduced risk of neurodegenerative disease.
In a study, chickens fed with plums in their diets showed that this fruit might have immune-enhancing properties. Similar studies are required in humans and research is going on. Hence, the consumption of plums may help boost immunity in humans.
People with a history of kidney stone must avoid plums as this fruit reduce urinary pH, which potentially causes kidney stones. More research is needed in this aspect, so consult your doctor.
Excess use of plums by mouth can cause some problems of indigestion like constipation or stomach upset and serve loose motions.
Some might be allergic problems of tongue swelling, throat swelling, pain in the throat, vomiting, and itching. Hence, for those people who are patients with allergies, best to stay away from plums.
Plums Benefits and Side Effects